The Bar Kokhba War AD 132-135: The last Jewish revolt against Imperial Rome Campaign

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Osprey Publishing #ad - The cost of this rebellion was catastrophic: hundreds of thousands of casualties, the destruction of Jerusalem as the Jewish capital and the expulsion of the Jewish community from the region, which only effectively ended with the founding of the State of Israel in 1948. In 132 ad, led the people of judaea and galilee in open rebellion, a rebel leader who assumed the messianic name Simon Bar Kokhba 'son of a star', Simeon Bar Kosiba, aiming to oust the occupying Romans and establish their own independent Jewish state.

. This fully illustrated volume explores the gripping story of the uprising, profiling its rebel leader Bar Kokhba as well as the Emperor Hadrian and his generals, and assesses the impact that this violent rebellion had on the region and those that were displaced. During the ensuing 'bar kokhba revolt' the Second Jewish War, the Jewish rebels held their own against the crack Roman troops for four years.

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The Jewish Revolt AD 66-74 Campaign

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Osprey Publishing #ad - The apotheosis of the conflict was the final stand of the last holdouts in the Temple precinct itself, and the utter annihilation of this, the physical manifestation of Judaism itself. The last remnants held out in the mountain fortress of Masada until AD 73 when with the Romans breaking down the walls the defenders committed mass suicide bringing the revolt to an end.

Remorselessly, the legions strangled the life out of the defense street by street, leaving nothing but rubble and ashes in their wake. His son titus was left to carry on the war which culminated in the dramatic siege of Jerusalem in AD 70 The narrow strip of land now occupied by the modern state of Israel is where all paths from Europe, Asia, and Arabia must come together before they flow into Africa and has been the world's most hotly contested piece of territory for millennia.

The Jewish Revolt AD 66-74 Campaign #ad - Occupied by pompey the great from 63 BC the region became the Roman province of Iudaea in AD 6. Gaining momentum, cestus gallius, the rebels successfully occupied Jerusalem and drove off an attack by the Roman legate of Syria, who was defeated at the battle of Beth Horon. The emperor nero dispatched the roman general vespasian along with reinforcements and, having crushed the revolt in Galilee he became embroiled in the events of the Year of the Four Emperors that would lead to his assumption of the Imperial throne.

In ad 66 a local disturbance in caesarea caused by Greeks sacrificing birds in front of a local synagogue exploded into a pan-Jewish revolt against their Roman overlords. Used book in Good Condition.

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Roman Legionary 109-58 BC: The Age of Marius, Sulla and Pompey the Great Warrior

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Osprey Publishing #ad - The roman centurion, holding the legionaries steady before the barbarian horde and then leading them forward to victory, was the heroic exemplar of the Roman world. This was thanks to the marian reforms, which saw the centurion, although inferior in military rank and social class, superseding the tribune as the legion's most important officer.

Using specially commissioned artwork and detailed battle reports, this new study examines the Roman legionary soldier at this crucial time in the history of the Roman Republic from its domination by Marius and Sulla to the beginning of the rise of Julius Caesar. This period of reform in the roman army is often overlooked, but the invincible armies that Julius Caesar led into Gaul were the refined products of 50 years of military reforms.

Roman Legionary 109-58 BC: The Age of Marius, Sulla and Pompey the Great Warrior #ad - Used book in Good Condition.

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Roman Heavy Cavalry 1: Cataphractarii & Clibanarii, 1st Century BC-5th Century AD Elite

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Osprey Publishing #ad - These troops, continued an ancient tradition of using heavy armor and long lances, both from the northern steppes and the Persian frontiers, and fought in a compact formation for maximum shock effect. From the army of marc antony in the 1st century BC, Roman generals hired Oriental heavy armored cavalry to serve in their military alongside the legions.

Used book in Good Condition. They were quite distinct from conventional Roman light cavalry, and they served across the Empire, including in Britain. They became ever more important during the 3rd century wars against Parthia, both to counter their cavalry and to form a mobile strategic reserve. Displaying these impressive and imposing cavalry units using vivid specially commissioned artwork, this first book in a two part series on Roman Heavy Cavalry examines their use over the Imperial period up to the fall of Western Empire in the 5th century A.

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Tenochtitlan 1519-21: Clash of Civilizations Campaign

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Osprey Publishing #ad - His quest to serve god, win gold, and achieve glory drove him into the heartland of what is now Mexico, where no European had ever set foot before. In 1519, the conquistador Hernán Cortés landed on the mainland of the Americas. What ensued was the swift escalation from a clash of civilizations to a war of the worlds.

This encounter brought together cultures that had hitherto evolved in complete isolation from each other--Catholic Spain and the Aztec Empire. Used book in Good Condition. With colorful personalities--cortés, and fighting styles between the rival armies displayed using stunning specially commissioned artwork, weapons, Cuauhtémoc--driving the narrative, Pedro Alvarez, and the vivid differences in uniforms, Malinche, Cuitláhuac, this is the fascinating story of the collapse of the Aztec Empire.

Tenochtitlan 1519-21: Clash of Civilizations Campaign #ad - He marched towards to the majestic city of Tenochtitlan, floating like a jewel in the midst of Lake Texcoco. At the conclusion of the conquistador campaign of 1519–21, Tenochtitlan lay in ruins, the last Aztec Emperor was in chains, and Spanish authority over the native peoples had been definitively asserted.

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Roman Army Units in the Eastern Provinces 1: 31 BC-AD 195 Men-at-Arms

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Osprey Publishing #ad - Using evidence drawn from recent archaeological finds, it paints a vivid portrait of Roman army units in the Eastern provinces in the first two centuries of the Imperial period. In these wars, roman soldiers had to fight in a range of different climates and terrains, from the deserts of the Middle East to the islands of the eastern Mediterranean.

Using full-color artwork, this book examines the variation of equipment and uniforms both between different military units, and in armies stationed in different regions of the Empire. Osprey. Between the reigns of augustus and septimius severus, most notably during the conquest of Dacia by Trajan, the Eastern provinces of the Roman Empire frequently saw brutal fighting, the suppression of the Great Revolt in Judea and intermittent clashes with Rome's great rival Parthia.

Roman Army Units in the Eastern Provinces 1: 31 BC-AD 195 Men-at-Arms #ad - Used book in Good Condition.

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Strasbourg AD 357: The victory that saved Gaul Campaign

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Osprey Publishing #ad - Used book in Good Condition. This new study relates the events of this epic battle as the experience and training of the Roman forces prevailed in the face of overwhelming German numbers. A highly illustrated account of the battle of Strasbourg in AD 357, a decisive victory for the Romans under their Caesar Julian against the Alemanni and their leader Chnodomar.

Civil war in the western roman empire between ad 350--53 had left the frontiers weakly defended, and the major German confederations along the Rhine--the Franks and Alemanni--took advantage of the situation to cross the river, destroy the Roman fortifications along it and occupy parts of Roman Gaul. Osprey.

Strasbourg AD 357: The victory that saved Gaul Campaign #ad - In 355, the emperor constantius appointed his 23-year-old cousin Julian as his Caesar in the provinces of Gaul with command of all troops in the region. Having recaptured the city of cologne, but when the larger half of his army was forced into retreat, Julian planned to trap the Alemanni in a pincer movement, he was left facing a much larger German force outside the walls of the city of Strasbourg.

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Alesia 52 BC: The final struggle for Gaul Campaign

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Osprey Publishing #ad - The campaign leading to the battle revealed ingenuity on both sides, though in the end Caesar established his fame in these actions. In 52 bc, young, arvernian noble, caesar's continued strategy of annihilation had engendered a spirit of desperation, which detonated into a revolt of Gallic tribes under the leadership of the charismatic, Vercingetorix.

In desperation, caesar personally led the last of his reserves in a do-or-die counterattack, and when his Germanic horsemen outflanked the Gauls and took them in the rear, the battle decisively turned. In a very real sense Alesia symbolized the extinction of Gallic liberty. Vercingetorix began a canny policy of small war and defensive maneuvers, which gravely hampered Caesar's movements by cutting off his supplies.

On the third day, scaling ladders and grappling hooks, captured the northwestern angle of the circumvallation, equipped with fascines, the Gauls, which formed a crucial point in the Roman siege works. New supreme Hobbies item. Vercingetorix then dispatched his cavalry to rally reinforcements from across Gaul, and in turn Caesar constructed a contravallation and circumvallation, a double wall of fortifications around Alesia facing toward and away from the oppidum.

Alesia 52 BC: The final struggle for Gaul Campaign #ad - However, the action that followed at Gergovia amounted to the most serious reverse that Caesar faced in the whole of the Gallic War. Caesar's legions laid siege to Vercingetorix's Gallic army in one of the most tactically amazing battles of all time. Rebellions would come and go, but never again would a Gallic warlord independent of Rome hold sway over the Celts of Gaul.

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Roman Standards & Standard-Bearers 1: 112 BC-AD 192 Elite

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Osprey Publishing #ad - This first volume of a two-part series by roman army expert, Raffaele D'Amato uses detailed color plates and the latest research to examine these vital cogs in the Roman army machine that drove its soldiers to conquer the known world. Roman unit standards played a important role, both ceremonially and on the battlefield.

With the armies of the late roman republic and early Empire continually engaged on the frontiers, the soldiers selected for the dangerous honor of carrying them were figures of particular renown and splendor. The standards themselves varied greatly, flags vexilla, from the legion's Eagle and imperial portrait image to various cohort signa, and even dragon "windsocks" dracones copied from barbarian enemies and allies.

Roman Standards & Standard-Bearers 1: 112 BC-AD 192 Elite #ad - Used book in Good Condition. New supreme Hobbies item. Osprey. Standard-bearers wore special armor, wolves, with the heads and pelts of animals such as bears, or even lions draped over their helmets and shoulders.

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Mons Graupius AD 83: Rome's battle at the edge of the world Campaign

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Osprey Publishing #ad - Osprey. It proved the high-water mark of Roman power in Britain. In ad 77, roman forces under agricola marched into the northern reaches of Britain in an attempt to pacify the Caledonian tribesman. Finally, in ad 83, they fought the final battle at Mons Graupius where 10, 000 Caledonians were slaughtered from only 360 Roman dead.

Following unrest elsewhere in the empire, the north of Scotland was abandoned and Rome's forces began their long retreat. Osprey's campaign title for the battle at Mons Graupius 83 AD, which was a decisive conflict between Rome and Britain. Used book in Good Condition. Never again would Roman arms stand on the edge of the known world.

Mons Graupius AD 83: Rome's battle at the edge of the world Campaign #ad - Osprey Pub Co. New supreme Hobbies item. For seven years, the Romans marched and battled across what is now Scotland.

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Zama 202 BC: Scipio crushes Hannibal in North Africa Campaign

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Osprey Publishing #ad - Used book in Good Condition. Stunning, specially commissioned artwork brings to life the epic clash that saw Hannibal defeated and Rome claim its spot as the principal Mediterranean power. The battle of zama, fought across north africa around 202 BC, was the final large-scale clash of arms between the world's two greatest western powers of the time--Carthage and Rome.

Osprey. New supreme Hobbies item. Osprey. The engagement ended the Second Punic War, waged from 218 until 201 BC. The armies were led by two of the most famous commanders of all time--the legendary Carthaginian general Hannibal, renowned for crossing the Alps with his army into Italy, and the Roman general Publius Cornelius Scipio, who along with his father was among the defeated at the battle of Cannae in 216 BC.

Zama 202 BC: Scipio crushes Hannibal in North Africa Campaign #ad - Drawing upon years of research, author Mir Bahmanyar gives a detailed account of this closing battle, analyzing the tactics employed by each general and the forces they had at their disposal. Osprey Pub Co.

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